Transport, travel and parking

In 2016 the Oxford Transport Strategy identified that growth in Oxford needs to be accommodated through reduced car usage, not by building more road space, which is not possible in a constrained urban area.

Adopted in 2020, Oxford’s Local Walking and Cycling Infrastructure Plan proposes to reduce car use by 40 per cent and see cycling become the main transport mode by 2031, including for the school run.

Oxfordshire County Council’s Draft Local Transport and Connectivity Plan, due to be adopted this year, proposes to cut car journeys in Oxfordshire by a quarter by 2030, and a third by 2040.

Oxford City Centre, Oxford North/Parkway, and Cowley lie within a 6km radius of our location on the eastern edge of Oxford which means we have a real opportunity to facilitate and encourage travel by active modes rather than by car. This was one of the main reasons for allocating the site in preference to sites further from Oxford.

Transport Approach

The adopted Local Plan requires us to deliver the necessary facilities for movement which as a first priority, should provide high quality pedestrian, cycle and public transport connections into Oxford to maximise the number of trips made by non-car modes, and measures to discourage car-based development. If, having taken the impact of these measures into account, significant residual impacts on the highway network are still predicted, new highway infrastructure will be required to mitigate those impacts.

In the above context, the transport approach for Bayswater focuses substantially on providing better active and sustainable transport connections and route choices for its residents, but provides some traffic management and road capacity improvements to help the highways authority to manage the development’s impact on nearby areas.

Transport Measures Proposed

  • Active travel improvements to connect to the Oxford active travel network (see active travel board)
  • Signals at Marston Interchange slip roads to Elsfield Road and Marsh Lane to allow traffic flows to be managed
  • Contributions to support electric bus provision from the site into Oxford City Centre, the JR and to the Cowley area
  • Headington Roundabout improvements:
    • Signals at the Bayswater Road approach to the Headington Roundabout which also allows a crossing point
    • A pedestrian and cycle crossing at-grade across the A40 North Way (this is in addition to the existing subways)
    • Increasing the A40 North Way approach to the Headington Roundabout to four lanes with signals
    • A new bus access/bus lane from Barton Village Road to the A40 North Way
    • Increasing the A4142 Eastern Bypass approach to the Headington Roundabout to four lanes

All proposed improvements will be subject to feedback from Oxfordshire County Council

Our transport modelling

We are modelling the potential traffic effects of our development on an extensive network, extending as far as:

  • Cutteslowe, Wolvercote and Pear Treeroundabouts to the north
  • The Plain towards Oxford City Centre
  • Marston Ferry Road/Banbury Road to the northwest
  • Bayswater Road & Elsfield Road to the Wheatley Road, and the B4027 through Forest Hill to the A40 (east of the Thorne Hill P&R) to the east

This work is being undertaken by specialist modelling consultants and is being audited by Oxfordshire County Council.

Our aim is that, in line with the Local Plan allocation and Oxfordshire County Council transport policies (current and emerging), we identify trips that are realistically going to be made by non-car modes of travel, and where this is unlikely, assume these trips will be made by car and assess the operation of the road network to see what the effects are likely to be.

Where appropriate we will provide improvements to help overcome these impacts.

We are close to concluding this work and believe we have reached a point whereby our development would not have a significant impact on the highway network, but this is still subject to auditing by County. Our full modelling work will be presented as part of our planning application material and so will be available for detailed examination at that stage.

Vehicle Accessibility

Bus Access to site

Two bus only accesses are proposed to the site to prioritise public transport above car:

  • A signalised ingress off the A40 at the western end of the site which will allow buses to turn-in right off the A40 northbound carriage way;
  • Barton Village Road to allow buses to connect into Barton and Barton Park from the site

Buses would also be able to use the proposed vehicle access onto the Bayswater Road, although no services are planned to do so at this stage.

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Vehicular acceeibility plan - click image to enlarge. Pinch to zoom

Western Access

The Western Access would be onto Elsfield Road and then to the Marston Interchange as required by the Local Plan allocation.

Our proposed arrangement is shown to the right, however following feedback we are now looking at a layout that will not permit the right turn from the development towards Elsfield to minimise potential impact to the village. We are also investigating the possibility of preventing the right turn from the site to the Woodeaton Road, again following feedback received. The incorporation of these measures will be subject to feedback from this consultation and the agreement of the highway authority.

We are proposing traffic signals where the Elsfield Road meets the A40 south-eastbound on and off slips, and also where the northwestbound off-slip meets Marsh Lane. The purpose of these signals is to help balance traffic flows onto and off the A40.

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Vehicular accessibility plan - click image to enlarge. Pinch to zoom

Eastern Access

The main Eastern Access would be onto Bayswater Road south of Stowford Farm.

Our proposed arrangement is shown here, however, following feedback we are now looking at a layout that will not permit the left turn from the site towards the Wheatley Road. The incorporation of these measures will be subject to feedback from this consultation and the agreement of the highway authority.

The access junction would be signalised to allow traffic flows to be managed. A segregated cycle lane would emerge from the site and head southwards towards Headington Roundabout – cycle movement into and out of the site is proposed to be free flowing.

A separate access would be provided to serve the R19 parcel only, which would take the form of a simple give way junction.

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Vehicular acceeibility plan - click image to enlarge. Pinch to zoom

Access through the site

The Main Street within the site will connect the Western and Eastern access junctions, but will be designed to a maximum speed of 20mph, to provide access to all parts of the site but discourage through traffic.

Access and parking at Bayswater

We have carefully designed Bayswater so people who choose to can live here without owning a car, and for those who do wish to own a car, for it not to be the automatic choice for most journeys.

We are creating a place that makes active modes of transport such as walking or cycling an easy and natural choice for those who are able, and also providing access by public transport services.

Pedestrian & Cycle Connectivity

This plan illustrates the principal pedestrian and cycle routes and linkages we are proposing, which will include:

  • Segregated cycle path on Bayswater Road between the eastern site access and Headington Roundabout
  • A new A40 cycle and pedestrian bridge linking into the A40 cycleway with a connection to Foxwell Drive/ Borrowmead Road
  • Improvements to the Wick Close subway ramps
  • Improved Marsh Lane cycle paths and crossing point of the A40 northeast-bound on slip for the A40 cycleway
  • Cycle connections to the Elsfield and Woodeaton Roads
  • Cycle access towards Bayswater Road north of the Oxford Crematorium
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Cycle Connectivity Plan - click image to enlarge. Pinch to zoom


Our view is that a balanced approach to parking is appropriate for this sustainable location. It needs to be designed to allow for future flexibility, while minimising potential impacts on our neighbours from overspill parking.

We are therefore exploring where parking for properties is provided, and considering the use of remote off-plot parking for many dwellings to remove cars from immediately outside the front door. This would help reduce the ease and convenience of car use, and encourage active modes.

Other measures to help reduce car ownership and use will be provided, including travel planning, the provision of electric car club cars (to allow for only occasional use of a car without ownership) and shared car ownership and the provision of mobility hubs.

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Parking and mobility hubs - click image to enlarge. Pinch to zoom

Mobility hubs

The mobility hubs we are proposing will provide a focal point for travel options, emphasising sustainable travel. Depending on location, they could include a combination of facilities such as:

  • A bus stop with real time information
  • Weatherproof shelter with WiFi
  • Parcel collection point
  • Cycle and E-cycle parking and hire
  • E-Scooter hire
  • Electric car club access
  • EV charging

Local Services

We have designed in more onsite local facilities and services allowing residents to access more within their neighbourhood, minimising the need for off-site trips.

Update - 31 July 2022

Our second stage of public consultation (29 June - 31 July 2022) is now closed.

Read update

Key documents and downloads

View our latest proposals and leave your feedback:

  • Latest masterplan download
  • Second consultation panels download
  • Our vision for Bayswater download
  • Recording of online consultation event 14 July 2022 download

Visit the Downloads page to view other documents.

Contact us

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0800 144 8907